Scripture Breakdown for 2 Samuel 22:10-12 and Psalm 18:9-11

10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.
11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.
12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.
13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.          2 Sam 22:10-13 (KJV)


A. Verb.
natah ^5186^, "to stretch forth, spread out, stretch down, turn aside." This verb also occurs in Arabic, late Aramaic, and postbiblical Hebrew. The Bible attests it in all periods and about 215 times.
Natah connotes "extending something outward and toward" something or someone.

This verb also implies "stretching down toward" so as to reach something. Earlier in the Bible Rebekah was asked to "let down thy pitcher,... that I may drink" <Gen. 24:14>; she was asked to "stretch it down" into the water. This is the nuance when God is said to have "inclined [stretched down] unto me, and heard my cry" <Ps. 40:1>. Issachar is described as a donkey which "bowed his shoulder to bear [burdens]" <Gen. 49:15>. In somewhat the same sense the heavens are bowed; the heavens are made to come closer to the earth. This is a figure of the
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)



8064 shamayim dual of an unused singular shameh-

heaven, heavens, sky
a) visible heavens, sky
1) as abode of the stars
2) as the visible universe, the sky, atmosphere, etc.
b) Heaven (as the abode of God)
This describes the 3 different heavens in the same wording.



3381 yarad (yaw-rad');

a primitive root; to descend (literally, to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively, to fall); causatively, to bring down (in all the above applications); -X abundantly, bring down, carry down, cast down, (cause to) come (-ing) down, fall (down), get down, go (-ing) down (-ward), hang down, X indeed, let down, light (down), put down (off), (cause to, let) run down, sink, subdue, take down.

6205 `araphel-
a cloud, a heavy or dark cloud, darkness, gross darkness, thick darkness






8478 tachath (takh'-ath);

from the same as 8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially, below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.:


7272 regel-

a foot
a) a foot, a leg
b) used of God (anthropomorphic)
c) used of seraphim, cherubim, idols, animals, a table
d) according to the pace of (with a preposition)
e) three times (feet, paces)
Derived from the root word:
7270 ragal (raw-gal');
a primitive root; to walk along;


In anthropomorphic expressions, God has "feet." Thus God revealed Himself with a pavement of sapphire as clear as the sky under His "feet" <Exod.
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)




rakab ^7392^, "to ride, cause to ride." Already found in ancient Akkadian and Ugaritic, this word is also common to both ancient and modern Hebrew. It occurs approximately 70 times in the text of the Hebrew Bible and is found for the first time in <Gen. 24:61>: "And Rebekah arose, and her damsels, and they rode upon the camels...." In addition to camels, the biblical account records the riding of mules <2 Sam. 13:29>, asses <1 Sam. 25:42>, horses <Zech. 1:8>, and chariots <2 Kings 9:16>. "To ride" upon horses is symbolic of an alliance with Assyria <Hos. 14:3>.
Isaiah's statement that "the Lord rideth upon a swift cloud" <Isa. 19:1> is an interesting parallel to the Ugaritic text's reference to the god Baal as "a rider on the clouds." This is not to equate Baal with God, but simply to note the similar imagery which is used, and the apparent influence of one literature on another.
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

5774 `uwph-
as a verb:
1) to fly, to fly about, to fly away
a) (Qal)
1) to fly, to hover
2) to fly away
b) (Hiphil) to cause to fly, to light upon





2822 choshek-

darkness, obscurity
a) darkness
b) a secret place

5521 cukkah-
a thicket, a covert, a booth
a) a thicket

b) a booth (a crude or temporary shelter)
From the root word:
5520 cok (soke);
from 5526; a hut (as of entwined boughs); also a lair:


5439 cabiyb (saw-beeb');

or (feminine) cebiybah (seb-ee-baw'); from 5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbour, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around:
From the Root Word:
5437 cabab (saw-bab');

a primitive root; to revolve, surround, or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively (as follows):


cabib ^5439^, "area round about; circuit." This word appears about 336 times in biblical Hebrew. The word can be used as a noun, but it usually occurs as an adverb or preposition. In <1 Chr. 11:8> cabib refers to the "parts round about": "And he built the city round about, even from Millo round about...." The word may also be used for "circuits": "...and the wind returneth again according to his circuits" <Eccl. 1:6>. The first biblical appearance of the word is in <Gen. 23:17>, and it refers to "within the circuit of."
Other nouns are related to the verb cabab. Cibbah and necibbah both refer to "turn of affairs"; cibbah is found in <1 Kings 12:15> and necibbah in <2 Chr. 10:15>. Mucab occurs once with the meaning of "circular passage": "...for the winding about of the house went still upward round about the house..." <Ezek. 41:7>. Mecab occurs 4 times, and it refers to "that which surrounds or is round." Mecab refers to a "round table" <Song of Sol. 1:12> and to "places round about" Jerusalem <2 Kings 23:5>.
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

2841 chashrah (khash-raw');

from the same as 2840; properly, a combination or gathering, i.e. of watery clouds:
The Same As:
2840 chishshur (khish-shoor');

from an unused root meaning to bind together; combined, i.e. the nave or hub of a wheel (as holding the spokes together):



4325 mayim-

water, waters
a) water
b) water of the feet, that is, urine
c) used of danger, violence, transitory things, refreshment (figurative)


Fourth, in Israel's cultus "water" was poured or sprinkled

Fifth, in proper names this word is used of springs, streams,
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

5645 `ab (awb) (masculine and feminine);

from 5743; properly, an envelope, i.e. darkness (or density, 2 Chron. 4:17); specifically, a (scud) cloud; also a copse:
From the root word:
KJV-- clay, (thick) cloud, X thick, thicket. Compare 5672.





5743 `uwb (oob);

a primitive root; to be dense or dark, i.e. to becloud:

Can be compared to:

5672 `abiy (ab-ee');

or `obiy (ob-ee'); from 5666; density, i.e. depth or width:

KJV-- thick (-ness). Compare 5645.

5666 `abah (aw-baw');

a primitive root; to be dense:

KJV-- be (grow) thick (-er).